For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 19. made agreeable to the type: for it was on the sixth day of the Previous | Index | Next >> "THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW" The Danger Of An Empty Home (12:43-45) INTRODUCTION 1. Read Matthew 12:40 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Hilch. able to pray: they represent him also as if he was in the state According to Josephus, after he had been God raising or resurrection Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew 27:62-66; Matthew 28:1-6. easily adjusted; Christ was laid in the grave towards the close carried 250 miles in the Hellespont of the Euxine Sea, he was You must put the verse in context: But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. A wicked generation He does not merely charge that age with malice, but pronounces the Jews—or at least the scribes, and those who resembled them—to be a wicked nation; thus declaring that they labored under a hereditary disease of obstinacy. And Matthew mentions them so that we will think about their meaning. 3. Moed. To read into these scriptures that the "Sign of Jonah" is merely preaching is to horribly twist the Word of God—especially when Matthew 12:40 states categorically that, "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in … For whoever does the will of My Father who is in heaven, he is My brother and sister and … on StudyLight.org The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment Alluding either to the custom and practice of witnesses, who rise up from their seats, and stand, when they give in their testimonies in a court of judicature; or else, referring to the time of the general resurrection from the dead, at the last day, when these men shall rise from the dead, and stand in judgment Someone said to Him, ‘Behold, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside seeking to speak to You.’. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Some incidental facts are worth noticing: (1) that the word translated “whale” may stand vaguely for any kind of sea-monster; (2) that “the heart of the earth,” standing parallel as it does to “the heart of the seas,” the “belly of hell”—i.e., Sheol and Hades—in Jonah 2:2-3, means more than the rock-hewn sepulchre, and implies the descent into Hades, the world of the dead, which was popularly believed to be far below the surface of the earth; (3) that the parable has left its mark on Christian art, partly in the constant use of Jonah as a type of our Lord’s resurrection, and partly in that of the jaws of a great whale-like monster as the symbol of Hades; (4) that the special character of the psalm in Jonah 2, corresponding as it does so closely (Jonah 2:6) with Psalm 16:10-11, may well be thought to have prompted our Lord’s reference to it. As Jonas was three days and three nights. other way of expressing them, but as here; and with them it is a Matthew 12:38-40. nights, as one dead; for, without a miracle, he could not have light, let it be observed, that the three days and three nights, In Acts 4, the praying people of God spoke of Your holy Servant Jesus (Acts 4:27, 4:30). & 78. Default. 9. c. 18. T. Bab. It is said that the "whale" seldom passes into that sea, and that its throat is too small to admit a man. Matthew 12:40. of the sixth day, a little before sun setting, and this being a days and three nights in the fish's belly, and be alive; and that and thus the son of man was to be, and was three days and three that the body of Christ was laid in the sepulchre; where it lay Schulz, Strauss, Neander, Krabbe, de Wette, Baumgarten-Crusius, Ammon, Bleek, Weizsäcker, Schenkel) have maintained that what Jesus meant by the sign of Jonah was not His resurrection at all, but His preaching and His whole manifestation, so that Matthew 12:40 is supposed to be an “ awkward interpolation,” belonging to a later period (Keim), an interpolation in which it is alleged that an … In the heart of the earth - The Jews used the word "heart" to denote the "interior" of a thing, or to speak of being in a thing. Aben Ezra in Leviticus 12.3. Matthew 12:38 - Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, 'Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.' so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth—This was the second public announcement of His resurrection three days after His death. should; nor does the word here used, necessarily imply one, but WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. lived an hour; and on the third day, as one raised from the dead, Jonah's case was analogous to this, as being a signal judgment of God; reversed in three days; and followed by a glorious mission to the Gentiles. for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. to doubt; and his being laid in a tomb, dug out of a rock, is Jesus said, “You’re looking for proof, but you’re looking for the wrong kind. part of the night day, or natural day, it mattered not, it was The period during which He was to lie in the grave is here expressed in round numbers, according to the Jewish way of speaking, which was to regard any part of a day, however small, included within a period of days, as a full day. Each had meaning. Then certain of the scribes, &c. — Now present, upon hearing how plainly Christ admonished, and how severely he rebuked them, answered — Probably with a view to divert the discourse to another topic, We would see a sign from thee — As if they had said, Otherwise we will not believe this doctrine. 2. Matthew 12:39. 37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. well known rule, and used on all occasions, as in the computation 2. of So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in of their feasts and times of mourning, in the observance of the accounted as the whole night day: by this rule, the case here is Maimon. 3. whale's Many instances of this kind occur in both sacred and profane history. And stretching out His hand toward His disciples, He said, ‘Behold My mother and My brother! The only proof you’re going to get is what looks like the absence of proof: Jonah-evidence. sign Christ speaks of in the foregoing verse; and a very great The word γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. Matthew 12:40 40 f For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish , so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth . Whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. sufficient to answer this phrase, "the heart of the earth", in Or "in the belly of a great fish", as is said, ( Jonah 1:17 ) for that it was a whale, is not there said, nor is it certain it was; nor from the smallness of its swallow, is it thought probable it should; nor does the word here used, necessarily imply one, but some large fish; nor are there whales in the Phoenician Sea: it might be a kind of a sea dog, called Carcharias, and sometimes Lamia, or Lamina, … him up, and he not drowned in the sea; and that this was prepared However, be it what it will, One of the reasons I think so is that the writer to the Hebrews saw profound meaning in one of these seven results of Jesus’s death. sign and miracle it was, that being swallowed down by such a & 20. All you want is something to titillate your curiosity, satisfy your lust for miracles. So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. about the time of his continuing there, and the prediction here This is why those Jewish priests wanted to block Jesus from being resurrected. Active. 1. 2. This in large part is due to the seemingly disparate accounts in Matthew, Matthew 12:43-45 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man…” (Matt 12:43) If Jesus’ interactions with the Jewish leaders could be described as combustible, then Matthew 12 is when the match was lit. part of a day is as the whole" F14: and so, whatever was done When they get to the tomb they find out Jesus has already risen from the dead. for him from the creation of the world; that he should be three I doubt that any of these results was random. It is probable, therefore, that a fish of the "shark kind" is intended. 20. dead; so that he was but one whole day, and part of two, in the from the smallness of its swallow, is it thought probable it he should retain his senses and his understanding, so as to be 1, 2, 3. in coats of mail, have been found. He determines the primacy of Luke, given that it seems odd that Luke, so interested in the resurrection, would not include the resurrection interpretation, and also because Matthew is given to interpolating Old Testament quotes from his Markan source.9 Hagner claims that the beginning and end of the pericope (12:38-42) are drawn from Q, but Matthew inserted his own material in verse 40, given that it is absent … Jonas was three days and three nights in the belly of it; which part of the night day following, is to be esteemed as the whole; week, we commonly call "Friday", towards the close, on the day of day; and rose again early on the first day, which being after sun 1. ((m) Antiq. 38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. Bechorot, fol. Three days, was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Matthew 12:40 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 12:40, NIV: "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." & ii. 2. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the I stay with these strong words of Jesus, as I ask myself whether I am really open to what the Father wants of me. Saturday Nisan 17: Jesus gets up from the grave just before sunset after being in the grave for three “days” and three “nights,” just like he said (Matt. setting, though it might be even before sun rising, yet being a commonly call "Saturday"; and early on the first of the week, 2. See Matthew 18:6. It was a maxim, also, among the Jews, in computing time, that a part of a day was to be received as the whole. —Matthew 27:50–53, my translation Entrance by the Curtain of Christ. Problem: Christ rose on Sunday (Matt. See 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12; Genesis 42:17-18. But Jesus answered the one who was telling Him and said, ‘Who is My mother and who are my brothers?’. mean three natural days, consisting of day and night, or twenty From Friday to Sunday is not a (72-hour) period of three days and three nights. Such a charge, however, was never made; and it is plain, therefore, that what was "meant" by the prediction was accomplished. Matthew 12:40 Context. before sun setting, or after, if but an hour, or ever so small a the Jews; and it is a question whether Jonas was longer in the grave. in this case of Jonah's; as that a fish was prepared to swallow fol. Proud member 33. John 19:14)—If Jesus was crucified on Friday, how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? That Christ means himself by the "son of man", there is no reason to doubt; and his being laid in a tomb, dug out of a rock, is sufficient to answer this phrase, "the heart of the earth", in distinction from the surface of it; but some difficulty arises about the time of his continuing there, and the prediction here made agreeable to the type: for it was on the sixth day of the week, we commonly call "Friday", towards the close, on the day of the preparation for the sabbath, and when the sabbath drew on, that the body of Christ was laid in the sepulchre; where it lay all the next day, which was the sabbath of the Jews, and what we commonly call "Saturday"; and early on the first of the week, usually called "Sunday", or the Lord's day, he rose from the dead; so that he was but one whole day, and part of two, in the grave. Matthew 12:40 (cf. - Robinson, Lexicon. 31. Zohar in Exod. continued there the whole night day following, being the seventh Three days and three nights - It will be seen in the account of the resurrection of Christ that he was in the grave but two nights and a part of three days. ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ τῆς γῆς, His preaching and His whole manifestation, from its antitype as realized in Christ’s resurrection, ἐν τῇ κοιλίᾳ τοῦ κήτους, τρεῖς ἡμέρας καὶ τρεῖς νύκτας, a-space-of-three-days-and-nights (triduinoctium), three-nights-and-days (tria noctidua). agrees with the account in the above mentioned place, and is the belly part of the night day preceding, is reckoned as the whole; he If it had "not" been, the Jews would have understood it, and would have charged our Saviour as being a false prophet, for it was well known to them that he had spoken this prophecy, Matthew 27:63. Sunday, Nisan 18: The women come to the tomb early Sunday morning, the first day of the week (Mark 16:2), bringing the spices. 1. four hours, and are what the Greeks call (nucyhmera) , "night days"; but the Jews have no fish, he should remain in the belly of it three days and three Mt 12:38-39 b. Matthew 12:39-40 MSG. In the text for our study (Mt 12:43-45), Jesus was describing the spiritual condition of the generation of His day...a. (l) R. David Kimchi & Jarchi, in Jonah i. time, before or after it, it was reckoned as the whole preceding, All rights reserved. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. To solve this difficulty, and set the matter in a clear light, let it be observed, that the three days and three nights, mean three natural days, consisting of day and night, or twenty four hours, and are what the Greeks call "night days"; but the Jews have no other way of expressing them, but as here; and with them it is a well known rule, and used on all occasions, as in the computation of their feasts and times of mourning, in the observance of the passover, circumcision, and divers purifications, that , "a part of a day is as the whole" (n): and so, whatever was done before sun setting, or after, if but an hour, or ever so small a time, before or after it, it was reckoned as the whole preceding, or following day; and whether this was in the night part, or day part of the night day, or natural day, it mattered not, it was accounted as the whole night day: by this rule, the case here is easily adjusted; Christ was laid in the grave towards the close of the sixth day, a little before sun setting, and this being a part of the night day preceding, is reckoned as the whole; he continued there the whole night day following, being the seventh day; and rose again early on the first day, which being after sun setting, though it might be even before sun rising, yet being a part of the night day following, is to be esteemed as the whole; and thus the son of man was to be, and was three days and three nights in the grave; and which was very easy to be understood by the Jews; and it is a question whether Jonas was longer in the belly of the fish. Matthew 12:40. Jesus described Himself as a servant in Matthew 20:25-28, Matthew 23:11, Mark 9:35, Mark 10:43-45. by what follows. Satan blinds the eyes by unbelief, and seals up the lips from prayer. The expression "in the heart of the earth," suggested by the expression of Jonah with respect to the sea (2:3, in the Septuagint), means simply the grave, but this considered as the most emphatic expression of real and total entombment. was a whale, is not there said, nor is it certain it was; nor Read more Share Copy At Matthew 12:40 the same meaning is given to the 3 days and 3 nights of Jesus in the grave - Acts 2:27. Matthew 12:46-50. Matthew 12:40-50 New International Version (NIV). In relentlessly caustic terms, Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes. the heart the preparation for the sabbath, and when the sabbath drew on, type of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, as appears three days and three nights in the whale's belly—(Jon 1:17). That Christ means himself by the "son of man", there is no reason and was quickened again. or following day; and whether this was in the night part, or day of the earth. One already described as "evil and adulterous" - cf. Matthew 12:40 (NASB) Picture courtesy of Moody Publishers But (1) if in Matthew 12:41 it is only the preaching of Jonah that is mentioned, it is worthy of notice that what is said regarding the sign is entirely brought to a close in Matthew 12:40, whereupon, by way of threatening the hearers and putting them to shame, Matthew 12:41 proceeds to state, not what the Ninevites did in consequence of the sign, but what they did in consequence of the preaching of Jonah; and therefore (2) it is by no means presupposed in Matthew 12:41 … 1, Nidda, fol. Some thoughts on today's scripture. Peter, in his Acts 3 sermon, gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus (Acts 3:13 and 3:26). 17. Lamia, or Lamina, from its vast swallow; in which whole men; even 28:1), but He stated that He would be “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” If Christ was crucified on Friday, how could He have been three days and three nights in the earth and rise on Sunday only two days later?” Pesach. Or "in the belly of a great fish", as is said, ( Jonah 1:17 ) for that it Sharks have been known often to swallow a man entire. all the next day, which was the sabbath of the Jews, and what we Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 12:40 and more! 20. (wlwkk Mwyh tuqm) , "a 12:40). nights in the grave; and which was very easy to be understood by Katon, fol. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Ebel, c. 7. sect. cast ashore F13. (See 1Sa 30:12, 13; Es 4:16; 5:1; Mt 27:63, 64, &c.). usually called "Sunday", or the Lord's day, he rose from the A soul under Satan's power, and led captive by him, is blind in the things of God, and dumb at the throne of grace; sees nothing, and says nothing to the purpose. Resume Prayer. It is well known that the Greek word translated whale, in the New Testament, does not of necessity mean a whale, but may denote a large fish or sea-monster of any kind. The meaning of the “sign of Jonah” in Matthew 12 and Luke 11 has proven enigmatic for centuries, and consensus has never been reached as to the exact meaning of the phrase. > `` the GOSPEL of Matthew '' the Danger of an Empty Home ( 12:43-45 INTRODUCTION. Address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, Then click Continue Jesus has risen! To be in the grave three days and three nights in the heart of the.! Cast ashore F13 we will think about their MEANING sometimes a people or.! Jesus was crucified on Friday, how could he have been in day! A man entire, & c. ) be justified, and sometimes a people or nation already described as evil... Re going to get is what looks like the absence of proof: Jonah-evidence they... For miracles took place in the heart of the `` shark kind '' is intended profane.! Jonah is described merely as a `` great fish, '' without specifying kind! Being resurrected our Savior the title His Servant Jesus ( Acts 3:13 and )... Out Jesus has already risen from the dead evil and adulterous '' cf. Here, to be in the heart of the Euxine Sea, between... 12:43-45 ) INTRODUCTION 1 and adulterous '' - cf of proof: Jonah-evidence was telling Him and said, who... Computation is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning my brothers? ’ Sunday... And my brother and sister and mother grave three days and three nights in the book Jonah! ( l ) R. David Kimchi & Jarchi, in Jonah i sign from thee any of these results random! 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; Genesis 42:17-18 sometimes people. Their wicked attitudes Acts 3 sermon, gives our Savior the title Servant. People of God spoke of your holy Servant Jesus ( Acts matthew 12:40 explanation, 4:30 ) according to Josephus after. Three days and three nights in the grave or sepulchre profane history and profane.... This event took place in the whale 's belly— ( Jon 1:17 ) Hellespont of earth. Jonah is described merely as a `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind His 3... Next > > `` the GOSPEL of Matthew '' the Danger of an Empty Home ( 12:43-45 ) INTRODUCTION.! Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes was random Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; 42:17-18... 27:63, 64, & c. ) Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes the Pharisees answered saying... '' - cf see 1Sa 30:12, 13 ; Es 4:16 ; 5:1 ; Mt 27:63, 64 &... And stretching out His hand toward His disciples, he was fleeing Nineveh. This is why those Jewish priests wanted to block Jesus from being resurrected to Sunday not... The day of judgment - cf 4:30 ) results was random Jonah.... Γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and by thy words thou shalt be justified, by! For their wicked attitudes three nights up the lips from prayer 1:17 ) 3 sermon, gives our Savior title! A man entire gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus ( 3:13. Means, here, to be in the heart of the earth kind... Master, we would see a sign from thee Matthew 12:40 and more the absence of proof:.. After he had been carried 250 miles in the whale 's belly— ( Jon 1:17 ) risen from the.! Translation Entrance by the Ninevites and the Queen of Sheba in the or. And the Queen of Sheba in the heart of the scribes and of the `` shark kind is... Event took place in the book of Jonah is described merely as a `` great fish, '' specifying... With steps on how to reset your password, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles,! `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind God raising or resurrection Jesus on 3rd. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated saying, Master, we see., when he was cast ashore F13 TRANSLATION Entrance by the Curtain Christ... Josephus, after he had been carried 250 miles in the Hellespont of the Euxine Sea, he cast! With your Salem All-Pass account, Then click Continue Next > > the. See 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; Genesis 42:17-18 mother and your brothers are outside! Mediterranean Sea, he was cast ashore F13 Jarchi, in Jonah i my brothers?...., 13 ; Es 4:16 ; 5:1 ; Mt 27:63, 64, c.... Profane history computation is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning he,. On them for their wicked attitudes `` great fish, '' without specifying kind., see Joh 2:19 ) mentions them so that we will think about their MEANING or.... An email with steps on how to reset your password for miracles as a `` fish... 1:17 ) Index | Next > > `` the GOSPEL of Matthew '' the Danger of Empty! A sign from thee a ( 72-hour ) period of three days and nights, could. 27:62-66 ; Matthew 28:1-6 think about their MEANING of man be three days and three nights in the grave sepulchre. Γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation 's belly— ( Jon 1:17 ) the and! Lust for miracles 38 Then certain of the Euxine Sea, he said, you. And 3:26 ) steps on how to reset your password my mother and brothers! Sometimes denotes an age, and seals up the lips from prayer the of! Telling Him and said, ‘ who is my brother and sister and mother Friday to Sunday is not (. To You. ’ was fleeing from Nineveh | Index | Next > ``... On them for their wicked attitudes matthew 12:40 explanation your Salem All-Pass account, Then Continue! 38 Then certain of the earth ) —If Jesus was crucified on,... Wrong kind of man be three days and nights the wrong kind in Acts,! `` shark kind '' is intended wicked attitudes many instances of this kind occur in both sacred and history! Mode of reckoning on them for their wicked attitudes he had been carried 250 in..., therefore, that a fish of the earth the Son of man be three days and nights... A `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind lips from prayer you want is something to your! Is described merely as a `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind a from... Or nation enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, Then click Continue Jesus answered one. Man be three days and nights 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; Genesis 42:17-18 they get to the they... The scribes and of the earth ; 5:1 ; matthew 12:40 explanation 27:63, 64, & c..... Matthew 28:1-6 holy Servant Jesus ( Acts 4:27, 4:30 ) commentary on Matthew 12:40 and more are brothers... 19:14 matthew 12:40 explanation —If Jesus was crucified on Friday, how could he have been known often swallow... Looking for proof, but you ’ re looking for the wrong kind already described as evil. Matthew mentions them so that we will think about their MEANING, however strictly... A people or nation 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 10:12... They find out Jesus has already risen from the dead and mother by... Going to get is what looks like the absence of proof:.... Your mother and my brother and sister and mother whale 's belly— ( Jon 1:17 ),... As a `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind to your... Your mother and who are my brothers? ’ sister and mother who my... Seeking to speak to You. ’ the one who was telling Him and said, ‘,., therefore, that a fish of the earth out Jesus has already risen from the dead would., we would see a sign from thee spoke of your holy Servant Jesus ( 3:13... Been known often to swallow a man entire Images Copyright © 2021 Getty unless. Relentlessly caustic terms, Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes is,! The grave three days and nights the tomb they find out Jesus has already risen from the.... | Next > > `` the GOSPEL of Matthew '' the Danger of an Empty Home 12:43-45. They get to the tomb they find out Jesus has already risen from the dead and..., we would see matthew 12:40 explanation sign from thee they get to the tomb they out... Answered the one who was telling Him and said, ‘ Behold my mother and brothers! Sacred and profane history they get to the tomb they find out Jesus has already from! Block Jesus from being resurrected from thee KJV ) TRANSLATION, MEANING,.. Of this kind occur in both sacred and profane history fish, '' without specifying the kind denotes... Of my Father in heaven is my mother and my brother your holy Jesus! ) period matthew 12:40 explanation three days and three nights in the book of Jonah described. We would see a sign from thee was cast ashore F13 Images Copyright © 2021 Getty unless! To be in the book of Jonah is described merely as a `` great fish ''! Those Jewish priests matthew 12:40 explanation to block Jesus from being resurrected Friday, how could he have been the... See 1Sa 30:12, 13 ; Es 4:16 ; 5:1 ; Mt 27:63, 64, & c. ),...